"We make you dead on arrival!"
That's right. Be scared.

Tuesday, May 13, 2014

Do you take stock in stocks?
January 4, 1865

            Today, at 9:30am, the New York Stock Exchange opened from a new location. The stock exchange has established its new head quarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.  The new location is just a few doors away from the original makeshift headquarters building.    A form of the Exchange has been operating since 1790, when stocks first began to be traded in America.  The officials said that the staff will have daily 8:00am meetings to discus different company’s stock performance and the Exchange’s portfolios performance.

Last Battle

Relaxing Tea Recipe

Relaxing Tea Blend

  • 1/4 cup dried spearmint
  • 1 cup dried lemon balm
  • 1/4 cup dried lemon grass
  • 1/2 cup of dried catnip
  • 3/4 cup dried chamomile flowers
  • 2 tbs. dried lavender flowers
Combine the herbs and store in an air-tight container in a dark, cool location.  Make tea using 2 teaspoons of herb blend for each cup.  

Relaxing at Home

              I wuz resting agenst a large rock in camp after the sucsessful Battle at Saylor's Creek.  A third of Lee's army surrendered, and my delited regiment leader told me and the other members of my regiment to take a breef, well-earned rest when we reeched Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia.  When we arrived, we eemeedeeyetly stretched out and relaxed.  Of corse, in this war, "relaxing" wuz breef and not very relaxing, but everyone wuz saying that this battle mite actooaly be the last of the war.  I hoped so!  As I rested agenst the rock, I remembered what real relaxing wuz.  I had not relaxed for real since before joyning the Army.  Real relaxing - for me, anyway - wuz resting in one of the few comfortable chairs at home, in front of a fire, with my happy and content family around me, drinking my wife, Elizabeth's, relaxing tea blend.  I leaned back agenst the rock, remembering that lovely taste of my favorite tea.  I had ben stressed a lot in the war.  When I wuz stressed at home, Elizabeth made me tea.  I wanted the war to end.  I wanted to go back home and relax with my family and a cup of hot tea.  I closed my eyes and imajined feeling the heet of a warm fire burning in the fireplace, seeing my family's happy faces bathed in the lite of the fire, and espeshully, the wonderus taste of the Elizabeth's relaxing tea blend.  The regiment leader called us to atenshun.  I sihed as a stood at atenshun, leeving behind a wonderful, relaxing daydream.

[Thank you for the recipe!:  http://www.totalgettysburg.com/civil-war-recipes.html]

President Lincoln Dead

April 16,1865

Dear Diary,

It pains me to say that our beloved President is no longer with us. Lincoln was shot in the back of the head while attending a play at Fords Theater around 10:20 p.m. 2 days ago, the day he passed, was 4 years and 3 days from the start of the war. President Lincoln was a great man, and served the Union with great pride. I hope someday i will make a great impact to my country as he did.
Lincoln was with his Wife, Mary Todd, and a young couple on April 14.
I have never personally met Lincoln, but i wish i had the opportunity to. He is the reason why bow ties are cool. If i ever came across John Wilkes Booth, i will personally shoot him myself. What he did was wrong and disrespectful. He is the reason why the whole Nation mourns at 7:22 yesterday morning. It is such a scary sight seeing the Union wearing black head to toe. I also forgot to mention, but this last night around 10 pm, rang a bell alerting everyone about the news. The entire city crowed around, and shed tears in sorrow.


Thursday, May 8, 2014

Today,March 10th,1864, Grant has ben promoted to Comander of the Union Army! After the failures of other Generals such as McClellan, the Union neds somebody to step up and defet the Confederacy. I believe with Lincoln's choice in choosing Grant to command the Union Army, and hopfully, Grant will be the last Comander. Unfortunately, Grant could not recieve his promotion in person, he was out fighting with the Army of the Potomac, good ol' Grant. This war beter end soon, and hopefully, Grant is the one to do it. -1st Sergeant Thomas Norton

Wednesday, May 7, 2014

When General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant was promoted to this rank he summoned Sheridan to the Eastern Theater to command the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac.  In the beginning of Grant’s overland campaign, Sheridan’s Calvary was overseen by Major General George G. Meade.  In the Battle of the Wilderness the dense forest made it very hard for Sheridan’s Calvary to do much.  As the Army preformed a turning movement of the Confederate right flank, Sheridan's troops failed to clear the road from the Wilderness.   They lost the battle engagements along the Plank Road on May 5th and at Todd's Tavern on May 6th through May 8th.  This allowed the Confederates to seize the critical crossroads before the Union infantry could arrive.  When Meade got mad at Sheridan for not completing his duties, Sheridan told Meade that he could “whip Stuart” if Meade would let him.  Meade told Grant the story and Grant replied, "Well, he generally knows what he is talking about. Let him start right out and do it."  Even with this statement Meade didn’t listen and told Sheridan to continue as ordered.  From May 9th through May 24th, Meade sent Sheridan on a raid toward Richmond, directly challenging the Confederate cavalry.  The raid was less successful than hoped, but the raid did harm J.E.B. Stuart at Yellow Tavern.

1864 Journal Entry (Corporal Hill)

November 8, 1864
Deer Jernal,
                 A strange prezidenchul eelecshun just ended with Lincoln winning a second term in offiss.  Our good President won by a landslide!  He ran agenst his former General McClellen this time.  On August 31, 1864,McClellen wuz nominated by a Democratic Party that wuz meeting in Chicago, and a certain George H.  Pendleton wuz chozen to be McClellen's "running mate".  McClellen's nominayshuns won eesilee over Thomas Seymour's.  McClellen promissed to end the war eemeedeehtlee and restore the Union.  How reedikyoolus!  One cannot promiss something like that!  I am fiteing in this silly war; none of the Rebels will giv up that eesilee!  Lincoln and McClellen faced off in the November Prezidenshul eelekshun.  Today, I reseeved the news that Lincoln won the Prezidencee by a landslide.  Lincoln (the Republican candidate) reseeved 212 Eelektoral votes, 2.3 milleeyun Popyoolur votes, and 116, 887 Military votes.  McClellen only got 21 Eelektorul votes (from Delaware, New Jersey, and Kentucky), 1.8 milleeyun Popyoolur votes, and 33, 748 Military votes.  I new Lincoln wood win!  He is such a good man!  Wen Lincoln won the eelekshun, he wuz given a new mandate:  he must pursoo the restorashun of the Union.  And that will not be eesee.
Corporal Frank Hill 

Spottsylvania Word Mosaic

Grant takes command of Union

Grant Takes Over!

Tuesday, May 6, 2014

1863 Post - Cpl. Hill

President Lincoln declared Thanksgiving a National Holiday on October 3, 1863.  Thanksgiving will be on the last Thursday of November.  Lincoln wanted Americans to have a chance to count their blessings over the past year and be thankful for what they have.  Thanksgiving will be a welcome ray of sunshine in the storms of war.

Sunday, May 4, 2014

Songs from the Civil War

Battle Cry of Freedom

Yes, we'll rally round the flag, boys,
  We'll rally once again,
Shouting the battle cry of Freedom,
  We will rally from the hillside,
We'll gather from the plain,
  Shouting the battle cry of Freedom.

CHORUS: The Union forever,
  Hurrah! boys, hurrah!
Down with the traitors,
  Up with the stars;
While we rally round the flag, boys,
  Rally once again,
Shouting the battle cry of Freedom.

We are springing to the call
  Of our brothers gone before,
Shouting the battle cry of Freedom;
And we'll fill our vacant ranks with
  A million free men more,
Shouting the battle cry of Freedom.

We will welcome to our numbers
  The loyal, true and brave,
Shouting the battle cry of Freedom;
And although they may be poor,
  Not a man shall be a slave,
Shouting the battle cry of Freedom.

So we're springing to the call
  From the East and from the West,
Shouting the battle cry of Freedom;
And we'll hurl the rebel crew
  From the land that we love best,
Shouting the battle cry of Freedom.

“The Battle Cry of Freedom” was an extremely popular song among the people of the Union during the Civil War. It was very patriotic, and it was used as a campaign song for Lincoln in the election of 1864. It was composed by George Frederick Root and it advocated the Union cause. It was later adapted into another version for the Confederate States of America. This song was encouraging and raised the morale of Union soldiers.


The years creep slowly by, Lorena,
The snow is on the grass again,
The sun's low down the sky, Lorena,
The frost gleams where the flow'rs have been.
But the heart throbs on as warmly now,
As when the summer days were nigh;
Oh! The sun can never dip so low,
Adown affection's cloudless sky.
The sun can never dip so low,
Adown affection's cloudless sky.

A hundred months have pass'd Lorena,
Since last I held that hand in mine,
And felt the pulse beat fast, Lorena,
Tho' mine beat faster far than thine.
A hundred months, 'twas flow'ry May,
When up the hilly slope we climbed,
To watch the dying of the day,
And hear the distant churchbells chimed.
To watch the dying of the day,
And hear the distant churchbells chimed.

We loved each other then Lorena,
More than we ever dared to tell;
And what we might have been, Lorena,
Had but our lovings prosper'd well
But then, 'tis past-the years are gone,
I'll not call up their shadowy forms;
I'll say to them, "lost years, sleep on!
Sleep on! Nor heed, life's pelting storm."
I'll say to them, "lost years, sleep on!
Sleep on! Nor heed, life's pelting storm."

Lorena is a poem written by Rev Henry D. L. Webster after his engagement didn’t work out. The lyrics are about his fiancĂ©e and the song became a favorite of both armies during the war. The soldiers fighting in the Civil War often thought of their wives or girlfriends back home, so they would sing this song when they were homesick. It was a Northern antebellum song, which means it existed before the war.This song was also very popular, and it sometimes made the soldiers sad and even more homesick after they sang it.

When Johnny Comes Marching Home

When Johnny comes marching home again
Hurrah! Hurrah!
We'll give him a hearty welcome then
Hurrah! Hurrah!
The men will cheer and the boys will shout
The ladies they will all turn out
And we'll all feel gay
When Johnny comes marching home.
The old church bell will peal with joy
Hurrah! Hurrah!
To welcome home our darling boy,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
The village lads and lassies say
With roses they will strew the way,
And we'll all feel gay
When Johnny comes marching home.
Get ready for the Jubilee,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
We'll give the hero three times three,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
The laurel wreath is ready now
To place upon his loyal brow
And we'll all feel gay
When Johnny comes marching home.
Let love and friendship on that day,
Hurrah, hurrah!
Their choicest pleasures then display,
Hurrah, hurrah!
And let each one perform some part,
To fill with joy the warrior's heart,
And we'll all feel gay
When Johnny comes marching home.

(lyrics are a little different because there are different versions)
“When Johnny Comes Marching Home” expresses people’s longing for their friends and family to come home from war. It is about missing people and wanting them to return. This song was written by Patrick Gilmore who served in the Union army during the war. It was sung by both armies, and it even became a hit in England. The melody of this song was similar to many Irish folk songs.

Battle of Gettysburg-Day One

July 1, 1863
Battle of Gettysburg-Day One

I heard bulets flying leeft and rightt. I see men faling. I felt my riffe in my hand. I smeled blod in the air. I tasted gun power as it floated around. I could tell that this was the start of a new battle, one which we will ever forget.
I saw Confeds soilder's marching in font and take their aim. I was truly frightend, but I had to remind myselff that this is worth fighting for. All of my prepearation has led to this moment. I loaded my rife and set aime. I was scared to shot, because in my head i was going over what that family would think and how my life would change if I shoot. Being a farmer, I am no stranger to animale death, but causing human death wile haunt me for the rest of my life. While I was thinking about possibilities, I felt a stong tug at my leg, and I looked down. I saw a bloody hole in my right calf. I was screaming but know sound came out. I felt like the hole world was spining. Then next thing I know, I was pased out on the ground on top of another solider. Two men came rushing my my side doging every bulet that came there way. They both pulled my legs. Then I blacked out completely.
As I am writing this entry, I have no right calf  but I am able to walk. This has been the most scariest thing I have ever been though, and I pray that this wont happen again.

A "Hard" Tack Morning

I felt like someone was kicking my legs with full force. I woke up to find that it was General Bufort awakening me. As I did not move, he started to yell. "Get up, we have a full day ahead of us." I tried to move, but my hunger would not let me. I started to feel a pinching pain under my right ribs. It was forcing my body to twitch uncontrollably. I could not stop it. As I lay on the ground, he was starting to yell even louder than before. "Get up, or we will leave you behind!" I opened my mouth, but no words came out. He closed the tent flap, and turned away. My friend Corporal McGee rushed into my tent, and started force feeding me. I could not tell what the food I was receiving was, but I did not complain. It had no taste and felt thick, dry, and super hard. It was hard to swallow but I made myself do it. As the substance went down my throat, I felt like I had a little energy. It was barely enough to make me stand up straight. McGee left my tent, and returned with more of this food. As soon as I could talk, I asked him, "What is it that I'm eating?" He was shocked I could talk and replied with, "Hardtack, we have no shortage of it here at our camp. Its just water, flour, and salt mixed together. We have a long journey ahead of us, so eat up"

-2 Cups of water
-5 Cups of flour
-1 Tsp of salt
Preheat oven to 375
Mix water, salt, and flour in a bowl. Until the mixture becomes hard enough that you can not mix it anymore.
Bake for 30 min.
Take out, and flip.
Bake again for another 30 min.
Let cool and enjoy.

The Flask That Won the Battle
                                                                                                                                 November 25, 1863

            It is the battle of Missionary Ridge.  Union general Philip Sheridan is at the base of a hill.  He is instilling confidence in his men whilst he has his own liquid Confidence in his pocket.  He is talking his men into a state of Great Spirit when he sees some Confederates peeking over the higher ground.  Being a General and a gentleman, he took out his flask and while raising it up said, “Here’s to you”.  The Confederates overlooking this scene were furious about this toast and opened with a volley of gunfire that splattered Sheridan’s men with dirt.  With Sheridan’s toast so rudely interrupted, he turned to his assailants and roared, "That was ungenerous! I'll take your guns for that!”  His men took this as his order to attack and stormed up the hill.  Union General Ulysses S. Grant didn’t anticipate what was happening.
            The Confederates got up and ran in retreat with an angry Sheridan on their tail.  Sheridan didn’t stop until he realized that they had easily won this battle and he was the only Union General still fighting.
The Aftermath

            This was a battle that is speculated to have cost the South the war in the West.