D.O.A

"We make you dead on arrival!"
That's right. Be scared.

Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Battle Between the Monitor and the Merrimac (aka Virginia)




January 01, 1862

            Dear General Grant,
           
            Our lead designer, James B. Eads has just finished the plans for the City Iron Clad. It is an Iron Clad meant for use on rivers for river warfare. 

            The city model is different from the regular iron clad by its small depth allowing for it to smoothly glide or not hit the bottom of the river. These vessels will be the most effective in concurring the Mississippi river. The Iron Clad city model will be built at one of our port manufacturing centers and will probably be launched on January 25, 1862.
           

            Your loyal comrade James May

Battle of Shiloh Prezi (link)

Battle of Shiloh

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Battle of Antietam-S.D.

DEAR DIARY,

September 17,1862-
Today, I, First Sergeant Thomas Norton, and the fellowe membas of the Union army clashed against the rebs' at Antietam Crek.  We found out all da details in Lee's attemt to invade the North thanks to a few scouts that fond a copy of his plans in a feild, and McClellan made use of it.  Under the command of Burnside, myself and a couple thousand troups traveld to the town of Sharpsburg to atack the South.  McClellan had always thoght we was outnumbad so we fought the battle very conservetivly.  First we sent out are troops twords the Northern side of town nears Dunker Church and the West Woods.  I hears that it was back and forth all mornin' long, but by the time we had a chance to move froward, all of the commanders were hurt and there aint nobody to lead the army.  The one advantage that the South had over us was expereinced troops.  For many men in the North, this was their first major battl.  At the Sunken Lane, we had the chance to overcome the South when they pulled back, but we failed to follow up on it and take adventage.  We could have won that battle then and their, but McClellan strangely orderad not to.  After waiting 2 hours for the orders to attack Lee's right flanck, me and other men attempted to take Sharpsburg by crossing a small bridge.  Commanded by Burnside, it took us 3 tries before we sucesfully crosed the bridge.  Many soldiers died as the South was on top of a small hill pelting artilery at whoevers tried to cross.  Just as we thoughts we could win the battle, more southern troops under the command of A.P. Hill showed up after a long hike and pushed us bak.  We had the chance to demolish the South if we had put all of are troops out and captured Lee.  The Civil War could have ended right then and their.  I believe the Union not taking adventage of this was at the fault of McClellan for not putin' in trops that we had when the time was rite.  This battle didn't really have a clear victor, but in my opinin, we win.  We kept the South from invading our home land.  Thats about the only positeive thing I can think about right now.  Everything else is horror and fear of what I saw out there today.                   

Monday, April 7, 2014

April 7, 1861

Gunpowder Explosion at Lab C
           Experimental tester and gun powder maker James May, was seen starting his shift at the gun powder testing lab at 9:00a.m.  His colleague, Jeremy Clarkson was helping him test with variations of Black Powder Mix adding 14% more Sulfur than the original increments.

The original ingredients (percentages by mass) were:
   74.64% Saltpeter (Potassium Nitrate, KNO3)
   13.51% Charcoal
   11.85% Sulfur

        At 9:45a.m. there was a large explosion from Lab C.  James May's colleague, Jeremy Clarkson was the only survivor.  James May died in the explosion.  Jeremy Clarkson was looking into the lab when he saw James drop a candle onto the floor, setting off the explosion that hit James' face and burned his abdomen severely enough to kill him within seconds of the explosion.  
Gingerbread


ingredients:
- 1 TB butter
- 2 1/2 cups flour
- 1 1/2 tsp. baking soda
- 1/2 cup butter
- 1 1/4 cups molasses
- 1 egg
- 1 1/2 tsp. cinnamon
- 1 1/2 tsp. allspice
- 1 cup very hot water


Preheat the oven to 350 F. Grease a 9" square baking pan with the butter. In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour, soda and spices, and cut in softened butter to the flour mixture with a fork. Combine molasses, egg and water in a small mixing bowl. Add the liquid ingredients to the dry ingredients and stir well. Pour the batter into a baking pan and bake 35-40 minutes or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean. Makes 9 servings.


Gift for me


I’d been feeling down ever since our first battle failure, and I sure needed somethin’ to lift my spirits. The camp was pretty dirty, I weren’t friends with the other soldiers yet, and nightmares about the rebels kept me up at night. One morning, our regiment leader was bringin’ round our mail, and I watched, all hopeful inside that one of them packages was for me. Finally, he turned to me and dropped a box been tied with old string right down on my lap. I thanked him ‘fore I started to tear off the string and dig through the cardboard. Before I seen it inside, I could smell it, my wife’s homemade gingerbread. I started to think up memories of holiday dinners, family picnics, and playful kids wanting for an afternoon snack. I picked up the treat real careful like out of the box. I held it up to my nose and smelled it one time, just to keep rememberin’ times back at my home. I took each bite and chewed real slow, knowing that I weren’t gonna get another for awhile. Then I think I looked right of me and saw some soldiers lookin’ back at me with jealousy. I thought ‘bout offering them some, but I couldn’t bear to give some of my only happiness this week to ‘em.
   
          The gingerbread weren’t just food, it was there to remind me of my wife and kids. The gift they done sent me made me happy again and not so lonesome. It made me wanna keep on goin’ for em’, to keep on fighting for my country. To keep on fighting for a united country. After that, I slept more peaceful like, and I didn’t need to frown no more. I hope more people would send gingerbread, it sure does make things less miserable.

The Battle of Bull Run Newspaper Editorial (Frank Hill)

Union Defeated at Bull Run, Battle Score: South 1 - North 0

July 21, 1861

      Today, the entire Union was shocked by the great defeat their troops suffered at the hands of those Rebels.  Five days previous, 37,000 Union volunteers marched into Virginia, planning to cut the railroad line at Manassas and then continue on to the so - called "Confederate capital" of Richmond, Virginia.  However, 22,000 Rebel troops under the command of General Beauregard, who had been alerted to the Union's plans by a spy, moved North to stop the Union troops.  His troops formed an 8 mile line along one side of Bull Run Creek.  Earlier today, Union General McDowell and his troops formed up across Bull Run, and the valiant Union soldiers crashed into the Confederates' left flank.  Because the battle was fought only 30 miles away from Washington D.C., many innocent civilians brought picnic lunches to witness the first real battle between the Northern and Southern troops.  The battle was going so well for the Union that some of the soldiers stopped to pick up "souvenirs" from the battle.  Unfortunately, the Virginian brigade led by General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson held firm like, well, a stone wall.  To add to the seemingly few problems for the North, General Beauregard ordered a counter attack, and Confederate reinforcements began to arrive by horseback and even train.  The Rebel troops suddenly lat out a "rebel yell" and charged at the Union troops with renewed energy.  The Northern army fell apart.  Both fleeing civilians and soldiers retreated using the same route. Sadly, there were 5,000 casualties, 2,896 of which belonged to the North and 1,982 of which belonged to the South.  Needless to say, it was a victory for the Confederacy, who sat down to eat the lunches left behind by the fleeing spectators.  This will not be the short war everyone expected it to be.  The Rebels will not back down easily.  This will be a long and bloody war, and the South has gained the first victory.  

Movie Poster (Battle of Bull Run)


Thursday, April 3, 2014

Flashcards for Glossary Quiz #2 (Sean Daly)

http://www.studyblue.com/#flashcard/edit/10640591

Here is a link to the vocabulary flashcards for Glossary Quiz #2!
If you would like to test yourself, just click "Done" at the top-left part of the page for some cool study tools!

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Herman Hammond's post card home

Entry from the Journal of Corporal Frank Hill

                                                                                                                                       April 2, 1861

Dear War Jernal,

                           Today I enlisted in the Union Army and I am a corperal and a field hospital orderlee.  I am in a rejiment with Corperal Thomas Norton and Privates Jesse McGee, Robert Hansen and Herman Hammond.  Our rejiment is called D.O.A., which can stand for Department of Agriculchure (as we are all farmers or shopkeepers) or Dead on Arival (refferring to the enemy of course, althoh I do not really aprove of that).  Our motto is "Keep It Down".  None of us like slavery but we don't want freed slaves coming North to steel our jobs.  I meen, I myself can only just make ends meet on the farm!  My family was so sad when they fownd owt that I was coming to join the army but I just had to come!  Yes, slavery is moraly wrong but I need to protect evrything I work and live for.  I must help keep slavery South!  My family understands, but they still begged me not to go.  My wife Elizabeth and my two dohters Diana (14) and Christie (6) cried so much it broke my hart.  My son Charles (10) kept a brave face but I could tell that he wanted me to stay or at leest to come with me.  My other son and oldest child Francis (15) deeclared that he would come find me when he turns 16.  I hope the war ends before Francis gets cot in the middle of it.  My Quaker church members have promissed to help my family on the farm in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania while I am away.  They are so helpful!  Quakers hate violence and fiteing, even when it helps to free slaves and so do I.  I will not carry a gun and I will work in the hospital a little.  Oh, how I hope that this war ends soon!  Dispite my feelings and reesons for fiteing I find this war to be moraly wrong.  I pray to God that this will be a short war with minimal casualtees and bloodshed.

                                                                                                                                          Frank Hill

A Letter Back Home From Private Hansen

Rebecca Hansen
512 Plantersvile Road
Middleton, Ohio
Dear Rebecca,

I mise u so much! Wat i have sen heer is makeing me nearvus for batle. If you were here right now, you would know how to calm me dowm. I have too keap remindng myself that i am hear for a what i belive in. I donot wante slavery to spread upto the northern states. Al we have don is been inpoving r time on loading r guns. I can now fire to bulets a menate. I have been pracking non stop sence i joiend the Union Army. I geet tired quick but i hav not gave up. Everytime a gun is set of, it makes me want too go bak home. How are the kidz? How is the farm? I herd that it a seaver storm tuesday. Please tell the kids that i am allright, and make sure that theay will not worry about me. I love you and them deerly.

Sincearly, 

Robert Hansen

Regiment Trading Cards






Tuesday, April 1, 2014

A Letter Home-From Corporal Thomas Norton (AKA Sean Daly)

      Dear All,

I have only been gone for a few weeks now but it feels like an eternity.  How is everything going in Springfield?  Is the store doing good business in times of war?  I sure do hope so.  I would love to see business booming in the next month or two when I return and the rebellion is finished.  I am currently stationed in southern Pennsylvania for the time being before we march down South.  Right now the troops(mainly composed of nobody who has felt with combat before, like me) are learning the basics of fighting, from how to load a weapon to battle tactics.  Luckily, I have already been promoted to the rank of Corporal, so at least I am no longer at the "bottom of the Totem-Pole".  Conditions in camp are like a never ending camp out.  Bad food, lack of hygiene, poor shelter, lice, bugs, and diseases are all common things here at camp, and just one or two days out of the month we would fight.   I just hope that the turnout of the war includes the abolishment of slavery or at least keeping in a southern way of life.  I have no doubt that this will be a northern victory and that good old President Lincoln will figure all of this out.  I know you all will do just fine and that you need to remember that Dad will be home soon.  Until then, Harriet, take care of the store, and kids be good for your mother.  I don't think you would want a big spanking from Dad.

See you all soon,
Thomas